2. Psychosocial needs of caregivers of elderly with dementia

The number of elderly people are rising to an extend that by 2025, developing countries will be having the maximum numbers of elders in the world. (WHO, 1998). The population census data (2011) in India has brought the finding that 104 million people in India is aged. (Government of India, 2016). Globally, the number of people with dementia is expected to double to a 65.7 million by 2030 and to a number of 115.4 million by 2050. (Riaz, Jose Anne, 2014). Prevalence of dementia in India varies significantly with a 3.39% in South India (Shaji, 1996) to 0.84% in North India (Chandra, 1998). Highly specified caregiving is necessary for patients with dementia given the negative effects of the condition. In the research study conducted by Schulz in 2004(as cited in (Brodaty, Donkin 2009), it was found that 75% of the caregivers attending demented patients were either friends or families. Caregiving in fact has a deleterious impact on the physical and psychological wellbeing in a person providing the care. (Win, K. K., 2017). More than the patients, the caregivers are expected to have more of the psychological symptoms of depression, anxiety, sleep disorders and reduced quality of life. Though the family care for older people is more and more difficult as intergenerational relationships are in transition in the context of rapid social and economic change, the families continue to be a great resource for the elderly with various chronic health conditions like dementia. Professional Social workers are in a unique position to link the families with various formal and informal support systems and services for the benefit of older adults. An exploratory cross sectional study aimed at identifying the psychosocial needs and issues of the caregivers of dementia patients. The study was conducted in collaboration with the University of Melbourne, Australia in 2016. Participants were identified from the Registry of Dementia from the General hospital and households were identified through the palliative care team in the respective Panchayats. The location of the study was around the catchment areas of Ernakulum District. Various measures were used to assess the exposure variable and the outcome variable such as the wellbeing of the caregiver, financial and physical strain of the caregivers, spousal caregivers, family networks and community resources. This research is an attempt to explore different aspects of caregiving and caregiver strain in the caregivers of demented patients.

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International centre for consortium research in social care disciplines (ICRS)
Rajagiri college of social sciences(autonomus)
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